Final fieldwork activities in Dodowa included the establishment of monitoring network which consist of 40 wells to monitor groundwater fluctuation and to help us determine the groundwater flow direction. In order to know the groundwater flow direction, the monitoring wells were levelled to each other using a total station. It was daunting task to level wells scattered on about a 13.5kmsq area but the task was done within 3 days with support from my colleagues (Isaac and Eric) from The Hydrological Services Department. The water levels of these wells were also measured weekly to know the groundwater levels change over time and from the monitoring it was observed that water levels in the wells were decreasing gradually over the course of fieldwork.
Yes! It is very interesting for these kids, obviously amazed by the strange equipment put into the water. As soon as I started to set up the probes and to do the water quality measurements, I was suddenly surrounded by children, getting closer and closer trying to find out what is this about. It was in Osunyai Street, where I took a sample from a borehole close to Sombetini Primary School. The children are students of this school and they were just walking around when I arrived to continue with my data collection. The T-GroUP Project gave me the opportunity to mix my technical background in chemistry and water quality with social science, an exciting challenge with an interesting experience working in the field.
By the end of February, I will have spent 3 weeks conducting interviews with community members, community leaders and representatives from the local government across 11 communities in Dodowa. Throughout the interview process, I have attempted to better understand the water reality in each community: what sources of water are used and for what purpose(s) and how this impacts their day-to-day lives. As the interviews progress, I have tried to identify pressing problems in each community, which sometimes includes access to water and quality of water, but is not always the most pressing issue identified. As the interviews conclude, I have tried to gain a better understanding of whom community members look to for solutions to pressing community issues and I have tried to identify both formal and informal actors in each community who are critical in undertaking any community improvement project.
Arusha is officially a small city of over 400,000 people (according to official census) but urban authorities believe this to be vastly underestimated and the number could be over 700,000. As part of my research on urban water supply, I visited some of the most unplanned and low-income parts of Arusha city where there is a large population growth, as these low income areas house many recent migrants and offer the most affordable housing, and lowest land prices. Continue reading Who gets what water in Arusha?
Three students from the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education have arrived in Dar es Salaam and will commence their master’s thesis field work in the coming week. Shabana Abbas, Carlos Aponte and Tlhoriso Morienyane will be based in Arusha for three months to study different aspects of groundwater. Their thesis work is expected to contribute to different objectives of the T-GroUP project.
The students will study everyday practices of water access, actors and institutions governing groundwater use and groundwater flow systems in low income settlements of Arusha. The students are looking forward to a great learning experience in Arusha!
By Thloriso Morienyane and Jan Willem Foppen (reposted from: t-group.science)
From 1-3 September, the T-GroUP kick off workshop took place at UNESCO-IHE in Delft. The main purpose of the workshop was to get to know each other, to learn more about Transition Management and Learning Alliances, to discuss data collection programs, to identify overlaps and differences between the three focal areas in Ghana, Uganda, and Tanzania, and to detail individual year plans of each team member.
The T-GroUP team have been getting to grips with groundwater in Ghana:
Dr. Jan-Willem Foppen visited Dodowa from 22 to 29 of July. In his visit, Jan Willem met with Dr. George Lutterodt from Central University College (CUC) in Accra, who heads the Local Transition Team (LTT). Together with Dr. Sampson Oduro-Kwarteng from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), who is also part of the LTT, they visited Dodowa, met with local leaders, invited local consultancy firms and drilling firms, and discussed project phases. Also, the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission and the Ghanata Senior High School, two of the associated partners in the project, were visited.
Below a short video clip with impressions and a number of observations: