Two presentations followed extensive discussion. Groundwater risks and institutional responses in Kwale, Kenya (Jacob Katuva, Oxford University) and From Codes of Practice to a Code of Conduct – groundwater governance in Kenya from a drillers perspective (Tom Armstrong, JB Drilling). Practical issues of borehole design and construction, groundwater quality, gender and poverty as well as the realities of the Water Resource User Associations (WRUAs) in Kenya, and plans of the Kenya Water Industry Association (KWIA) were discussed.
Two research-based presentations by: Joy Obando (Kenyatta University, Kenya) and Dan Lapworth (British Geological Survey, UK). With a focus on selected sites in in Comoros, Tanzania and Kenya, Obando’s presentation sets out key social and economic issues with respect to groundwater resources in coastal East Africa. Lapworth’s presentation examines the changes in water access and realities of groundwater resources in Kabwe, Zambia. The examples, combined with the lively exchange with participants, provide insights into the realities of drinking water for the poor in urbanising Africa. The webinar is facilitated by Jan Willem Foppen (UNESCO-IHE, Netherlands).
In this webinar, Jan de Leeuw presented his project’s work in developing and using a decision-support tool to enable a municipality to quantify the risk of developing a major new groundwater source from the Merti Aquifer, in Kenya. John Chilton presented disturbing evidence from Uganda about why handpumps fail and that some of the major problems come from poor installation and supervision in the first place – thus giving communities an uphill struggle to manage their water source sustainably. In the debate afterwards, John Gowing, of the AMGRAF project, and the participants asked some searching questions.
In this webinar, Pauline Smedley from the British Geological Survey presents the work done to get a better understanding of the occurance of high natural fluoride in the groundwater of the Ethiopian Rift Valley. High fluoride damages teeth and bones, particularly in children, but there are limited alternate source of water. Dr Jim Wright of Southampton University presents the work done by his colleagues in Kenya on mapping and understanding the changes to urban groundwater in Kisumu, with a focus on understanding the risks to the shallow groundwater – that feed numerous wells – from man-made pollution.
In a lively debate and Q&A session that follows, Dr Rob Hope from Oxford University, adds his reflections based on their UPGro work, also in Kenya.